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Table 4 Standardized Mortality Ratios in Five Counties of Study Area Excluding Genesee County, Michigan, 1979–1997.

From: Arsenic in drinking water and cerebrovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and kidney disease in Michigan: a standardized mortality ratio analysis

Cause of Death ICD-9 Males Females
   Obs SMR 99% CI Obs SMR 99% CI
Cancers
Colon and rectum 153–154 625 1.04 0.93–1.15 569 1.05 0.94–1.17
Liver and biliary Passages 155–156 111 0.88 0.68–1.12 129 1.09 0.86–1.36
Trachea, bronchus and lung 162 1,662 0.91* 0.85–0.97 771 0.85* 0.77–0.93
Skin melanoma 172 58 0.88 0.61–1.23 43 1.06 0.69–1.56
Other skin cancer 173 16 0.77 0.36–1.41 15 1.47 0.67–2.76
Female reproductive organs 179–184     496 1.05 0.93–1.17
Prostate 185 661 1.08 0.98–1.20    
Bladder 188 139 0.82 0.65–1.02 70 0.97 0.70–1.31
Kidney and other urinary organs 189 143 1.07 0.86–1.33 75 0.93 0.68–1.25
Circulatory diseases
All diseases of the circulatory system 390–459 10,874 1.06* 1.04–1.09 10,836 1.12* 1.10–1.15
Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease 401, 403 64 0.92 0.65–1.26 90 0.95 0.71–1.24
Hypertensive heart disease and hypertensive heart and renal disease 402, 404 87 0.53* 0.40–0.70 185 0.82* 0.67–0.98
Ischemic heart diseases 410–414 6,092 0.97 0.94–1.00 4,984 0.94* 0.91–0.98
Cerebrovascular diseases 430–438 1,600 1.25* 1.17–1.33 2,195 1.26* 1.19–1.33
Diseases of arteries arterioles and capillaries (DAAC) 440–448 551 0.99 0.88–1.10 569 1.04 0.93–1.16
Atherosclerosis 440 223 0.92 0.77–1.09 374 1.08 0.94–1.23
Aortic aneurysm 441 247 1.02 0.86–1.20 97 0.88 0.67–1.14
Respiratory diseases
All diseases of the respiratory system 460–519 1,911 1.01 0.95–1.07 1,333 0.91* 0.85–0.98
Emphysema 492 259 0.89 0.75–1.04 113 0.71* 0.55–0.90
Chronic airways Obstruction 496 721 1.08 0.98–1.19 409 0.96 0.84–1.09
Other diseases
Diabetes mellitus 250 512 1.24* 1.10–1.39 633 1.26* 1.14–1.40
Chronic liver diseases and cirrhosis 571 289 0.82* 0.70–0.96 148 0.86 0.68–1.05
Kidney diseases 580–589 279 1.37* 1.16–1.59 261 1.35* 1.15–1.58
  1. ICD-9 = International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision; Obs = Number of observed deaths; CI = confidence interval; *p < 0.01.