
Exposed N(%) or mean ± s.d.

Unexposed N(%) or mean ± s.d.

Odds Ratio

Confidence Interval

Pvalue


Diabetes*

10 (12.35)

6 (4.65)

3.26

0.96, 11.10

0.06

Reduced sense of smell**

3.80 ± 3.53

2.12 ± 2.23

3.77

1.96, 7.25

<0.0001

Nausea**

4.54 ± 3.20

2.23 ± 1.51

4.82

2.58, 8.99

<0.0001

Loss of appetite**

3.80 ± 2.70

2.13 ± 1.49

3.44

1.86, 6.37

<0.0001

Stomach swells or is bloated**

5.07 ± 3.78

2.13 ± 1.80

6.76

3.46, 13.19

<0.0001

Constipation**

4.16 ± 3.36

2.68 ± 2.14

2.90

1.58, 5.35

0.0006

Diarrhea**

3.78 ± 2.89

2.55 ± 1.75

2.75

1.49, 5.06

0.001

Poor bladder control**

3.40 ± 3.59

2.34 ± 2.13

2.50

1.30, 4.82

0.006

Hair Loss*

33 (39.76)

6 (4.65)

14.12

4.57, 43.65

<0.0001

Seizures*

4 (4.76)

5(3.88)

0.85

0.18, 4.02

0.84

 *Odds ratio and confidence intervals are estimated using logistic regression
 ** Odds ratio and confidence intervals are estimated using multinomial logistic regression models with generalized estimating equations (GEE); odds ratio interpreted as the odds of exposed being in a higher category compared to unexposed. Respondents were asked to "score each question on a scale of 1 – 11, one representing never and 11 representing always.
 Controlled for age, gender, race/ethnicity, education and smoking history