Skip to main content

Table 1 Reproductive outcomes investigated in the Swedish Fishermen's Families Cohorts.

From: Reproductive toxicity of seafood contaminants: Prospective comparisons of Swedish east and west coast fishermen's families

   Exposure
Unit of observation Outcome1 Cohort affiliation Childhood exposure2 Fish consumption CB-1533 p,p'-DDE4
Man Sperm motility - - - ↓ [16] ↓ [16]
  Sperm concentration - - - 0 [16] 0 [16]
  Semen volume - - - 0 [16] 0 [16]
  Total sperm count - - - 0 [16] 0 [16]
  Sperm chromatin integrity - - - ↓ [20] (↓) [20]
  Y:X chromosome ratio - - - ↓ [21] ↓ [21]
  Seminal levels of markers of epididymal and accessory sex gland function - - - 0 [19] 0 [19]
  Hormone parameters - - - 0 [16] 0 [16]
Woman Age at menarche 0 [38] ↓ [38] - - -
  Menstrual cycle length ↓ [91] 0 [91] (↓) [91] 0 [91] -
  Miscarriages and stillbirths NC [17, 25, 40] 0 [25, 40] 0 [25] NC [26, 40] -
Couple Time to pregnancy NC [24, 25] 0 [24, 25] 0 [24, 25] 0 [26, 33] -
Infant/child Birth weight ↓ [14, 17] ↓ [41] ↓ [41] ↓ [31] -
  Birth length 0 [14, 17] - - - -
  Head circumference ↓ [14, 17] - - - -
  Gender ratio NC [14, 17] - - - -
  Malformations 0 [17, 43] - - - -
  1. 1 Arrows indicate the effect associated with each exposure, with parenthesis for those effects not found to be of a noteworthy size but not statistically significant. A "0" means that no effect was found, and "NC" signifies non conclusive results.
  2. 2 Growing up in a fisherman's family and/or fishing village
  3. 3 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl
  4. 4 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis (p-chlorophenyl)-ethylene