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Table 3 Chronic respiratory symptoms in exposed female and male textile workers

From: Gender and respiratory findings in workers occupationally exposed to organic aerosols: A meta analysis of 12 cross-sectional studies

Group Sex N Mean age (yrs) Mean exposure (yrs) Smoking habit pack year Chronic cough % Chronic phlegm % Chronic bronchitis % Occupational asthma % Dyspnea grade 3&4 % Nasal catarrh % Sinusitis %
Cotton F 37 34 11 7.5 31.6 15.8 15.8 3.5 31.6 52.6 37.2
  M 34 39 15 15.0 38.2 29.4 23.5 6.5 23.5 32.9 20.3
Hemp F 48 35 12 7.5 50.0 28.9 26.3 10.5 21.1 39.5 21.1
  M 29 43 18 23.0 57.1 39.3 39.3 7.1 21.4 25.0 25.0
Wool F 176 35 11 7.5 24.5 11.0 6.0 3.5 18.5 28.5 20.4
  M 76 36 11 16.0 60.8 44.8 43.5 4.2 25.8 21.7 22.5
Jute F 70 23 3 2.5 15.7 14.3 11.4 2.9 22.9 5.7 0
  M 15 25 4 5.0 30.5 25.1 19.1 1.5 18.7 4.1 0
Sisal F 50 29 8 5.0 14.0 14.0 12.0 4.0 10.0 10.0 4.0
  M 19 30 9 10.0 29.1 25.5 24.1 1.9 12.4 9.0 1.5
All textile workers F 381 31 9 6.0 27.2 16.8 14.3 4.9 20.8 27.3 16.5
  M 173 35 11 13.8 43.1 32.8 29.9 4.2 20.4 18.5 13.9
  1. F = female
  2. M = male