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Table 4 Chronic respiratory symptoms in exposed female and male farmers

From: Gender and respiratory findings in workers occupationally exposed to organic aerosols: A meta analysis of 12 cross-sectional studies

Group Sex N Mean age (yrs) Mean exposure (yrs) Smoking habit pack year Chronic cough % Chronic phlegm % Chronic bronchitis % Occupational asthma % Dyspnea grade 3&4 % Nasal catarrh % Sinusitis %
Swine F 18 38 10 7.5 50.0 27.8 16.7 0 50.0 22.2 19.7
  M 41 32 8 13.0 41.5 36.6 31.7 0 21.9 21.9 20.5
Poultry F 91 37 12 7.5 19.8 14.3 12.1 1.1 9.9 23.1 20.5
  M 252 37 9 17.0 33.7 27.4 24.1 1.2 5.5 17.7 22.6
Agriculture F 76 44 10 10.0 10.5 9.2 6.6 6.6 9.2 21.1 18.5
  M 738 38 15 20.0 24.8 22.8 20.1 1.5 9.1 20.7 19.5
Live- stock F 67 36 11 8.5 6.0 6.0 3.0 1.5 28.3 17.9 9.7
  M 169 35 11 17.0 27.2 23.7 21.9 3.6 16.8 14.2 9.5
All farmers F 252 39 11 8.4 21.6 14.3 9.6 2.3 24.4 21.1 17.1
  M 1200 36 11 16.8 31.8 27.6 24.4 1.6 13.3 18.6 18.0
  1. F = female
  2. M = male