Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Association between the number of CAFOs in postal code areas and health problems within the high CAFO density region, 2009

From: Doctor-diagnosed health problems in a region with a high density of concentrated animal feeding operations: a cross-sectional study

   OR (95 % CI)a for each additional CAFO
Diagnosis Type of CAFOb Within the postal code area In adjacent postal code areas
Other infectious disease All 0.88 (0.75-1.03) 1.00 (0.95-1.05)
  Goat only 1.87 (1.11-3.13) 1.77 (1.30-2.41)
Gastroenteritis presumed infection All 0.93 (0.86-1.01) 1.01 (0.99-1.04)
Chronic enteritis All 0.99 (0.85-1.15) 0.97 (0.93-1.01)
  Poultry only 1.13 (0.79-1.62) 0.89 (0.79-1.00)
Allergic conjunctivitis All 1.00 (0.88-1.14) 1.02 (0.98-1.06)
  Goat only 1.57 (0.99-2.50) 1.42 (1.10-1.83)
Acute URI All 1.03 (0.96-1.11) 1.03 (1.01-1.06)
  Swine only 1.10 (0.98-1.24) 1.04 (1.01-1.08)
  Goat only 0.95 (0.69-1.29) 1.37 (1.12-1.66)
Pneumonia All 1.03 (0.95-1.11) 1.00 (0.98-1.03)
  Goat only 1.41 (1.08-1.84) 1.17 (1.00-1.37)
Asthma All 1.03 (0.98-1.08) 1.00 (0.98-1.01)
  Goat only 1.16 (0.94-1.43) 1.15 (1.01-1.31)
 Age group 0–4 yrs All 0.82 (0.66-1.02) 1.02 (0.96-1.08)
 Age group 0–4 yrs Goat only 0.92 (0.45-1.88) 1.62 (1.15-2.28)
 Age group 0–14 yrs All 0.97 (0.87-1.08) 0.99 (0.97-1.03)
 Age group 0–14 yrs Goat only 1.40 (0.96-2.04) 1.37 (1.13-1.67)
Hay fever All 1.01 (0.94-1.07) 1.00 (0.98-1.02)
  Goat only 1.19 (0.90-1.56) 1.22 (1.05-1.41)
COPD All 1.04 (0.97-1.12) 1.00 (0.98-1.02)
 Age group 45 yrs and older All 1.07 (1.01-1.14) 1.00 (0.98-1.02)
 Age group 60 yrs and older All 1.13 (1.02-1.24) 0.98 (0.95-1.00)
Atopic eczema All 1.02 (0.97-1.08) 1.01 (0.99-1.03)
  Goat only 1.26 (1.00-1.59) 1.19 (1.03-1.38)
  1. Note. CAFO concentrated animal feeding operations, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, URI upper respiratory infection. See also Additional file 1
  2. aAdjusted for age, gender, registry duration, the number of inhabitants in the postal code area and total surface area
  3. bDefined as >250 dairy cows or >2500 veal calves (cattle CAFO), >7500 finishing pigs or >1200 breeding sows (swine CAFO), >120,000 laying hens or >220,000 broilers (poultry CAFO), or >1500 goats (goat CAFO)