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Table 2 Associations between selected occupations and risk of prostate cancer (all cancers)a

From: Occupation, industry, and the risk of prostate cancer: a case-control study in Montréal, Canada

CCDO code and description Never Ever employed <10 years employed ≥10 years employed
Ca/Co Ca/Co OR (95 % CI) OR SB (95 % CI) Ca/Co OR (95 % CI) OR SB (95 % CI) Ca/Co OR (95 % CI) OR SB (95 % CI)
111: Officials and administrators unique to government 1875/1936 62/58 1.2 (0.8–1.8) 1.2 (0.8–1.7) 19/31 0.7 (0.4–1.3) 0.8 (0.5–1.3) 43/27 1.8 (1.0–3.1)b 1.6 (0.9–2.5)
1116: Inspectors and regulatory officers, government 1910/1982 27/12 2.7 (1.2–6.2)b 1.8 (1.0–3.4) 11/4 2.9 (0.8–10.7) 1.5 (0.7–3.3) 16/8 2.6 (0.9–7.4) 1.6 (0.8–3.2)
1130126: General manager, finance (bank. & finance) 1925/1989 12/5 3.5 (1.0–12.5)b 1.6 (0.8–3.5) 5/3 1.9 (0.4–10.2) 1.2 (0.5–2.8) 7/2 6.7 (0.9–48.2) 1.5 (0.6–3.5)
1143: Production management occupations 1911/1954 26/40 0.7 (0.4–1.3) 0.8 (0.5–1.3) 12/12 1.6 (0.6–4.0) 1.3 (0.7–2.5) 14/28 0.5 (0.2–1.0)b 0.6 (0.4–1.1)
1171162: Auditor (prof. & tech., n.e.c.) 1908/1975 29/19 1.7 (0.9–3.3) 1.4 (0.8–2.5) 9/11 0.9 (0.3–2.3) 0.9 (0.5–1.9) 20/8 2.9 (1.1–7.3)b 1.8 (0.9–3.4)
1179299: Other occupations related to management and administration 1916/1985 21/9 2.8 (1.1–6.9)b 1.7 (0.9–3.4) 12/6 2.5 (0.8–7.7) 1.5 (0.7–3.1) 9/3 3.4 (0.7–16.3) 1.4 (0.6–3.3)
21: Occupations in natural sciences, engineering and mathematics 1713/1722 224/272 0.8 (0.7–1.1) 0.8 (0.7–1.1) 85/75 1.1 (0.8–1.6) 1.1 (0.8–1.6) 139/197 0.7 (0.6–0.9)b 0.8 (0.6–1.0)b
2144: Electrical engineers 1926/1965 11/29 0.4 (0.2–0.8)b 0.5 (0.3–1.0)b 2/13 0.1 (0.0–0.5)b 0.5 (0.2–1.2) 9/16 0.8 (0.3–1.9) 0.9 (0.4–1.7)
2144110: Design and development engineer, electrical and electronic (prof. & tech., n.e.c.) 1934/1987 3/7 0.2 (0.1–1.0) 0.6 (0.3–1.5) 1/5 0.1 (0.0–0.8)b 0.7 (0.3–1.6) 2/2 1.5 (0.1–17.6)  
23: Occupations in social sciences and related fields 1809/1914 128/80 1.6 (1.1–2.2)b 1.5 (1.1–2.1)b 52/30 1.6 (1.0–2.6) 1.4 (0.9–2.3) 76/50 1.6 (1.0–2.5)b 1.5 (1.0–2.2)b
2391118: Counsellor, educational (educ.) 1918/1988 19/6 3.0 (1.1–8.3)b 1.7 (0.9–3.5) 12/4 2.4 (0.8–7.4) 1.4 (0.7–3.0) 7/2 5.7 (0.8–43.4) 1.4 (0.6–3.4)
271: University teaching and related occupations 1852/1933 85/61 1.5 (1.0–2.2)b 1.4 (1.0–2.0) 29/20 1.4 (0.7–2.6) 1.3 (0.7–2.2) 56/41 1.5 (1.0–2.4) 1.4 (0.9–2.2)
315: Other occupations in medicine and health 1913/1973 24/21 1.0 (0.5–1.9) 1.0 (0.6–1.7) 19/6 3.2 (1.0–9.8)b 1.7 (0.8–3.5) 5/15 0.3 (0.1–0.9)b 0.6 (0.3–1.2)
335: Occupations in writing 1919/1962 18/32 0.6 (0.3–1.2) 0.7 (0.4–1.2) 10/12 1.5 (0.5–4.3) 1.2 (0.6–2.5) 8/20 0.3 (0.1–0.8)b 0.6 (0.3–1.0)
4171: Receptionists and information clerks 1918/1986 19/8 3.0 (1.1–8.0)b 1.7 (0.9–3.5) 19/8 3.0 (1.1–8.0)b 1.7 (0.9–3.5) 0/0   
4197: General office clerks 1839/1910 98/84 1.3 (0.9–1.8) 1.2 (0.9–1.7) 81/53 1.6 (1.1–2.3)b 1.5 (1.0–2.1)b 17/31 0.6 (0.3–1.2) 0.7 (0.4–1.3)
513/514: Sales occupations, commodities 1564/1569 373/425 0.9 (0.7–1.0) 0.9 (0.7–1.0) 198/193 1.0 (0.8–1.3) 1.0 (0.8–1.3) 175/232 0.8 (0.6–0.9)b 0.8 (0.6–0.9)b
5135182: Salesperson, footwear (ret. Trade) 1936/1985 1/9 0.1 (0.0–0.9)b 0.7 (0.3–1.7) 0/7    1/2 0.8 (0.1–8.9)  
5137: Sales clerks, commodities 1833/1908 104/86 1.2 (0.9–1.7) 1.2 (0.9–1.6) 82/58 1.5 (1.0–2.3)b 1.5 (1.0–2.1)b 22/28 0.7 (0.4–1.2) 0.8 (0.4–1.2)
5137111: Supermarket clerk (ret. Trade) 1900/1968 37/26 1.6 (0.9–2.9) 1.4 (0.9–2.4) 32/18 2.3 (1.2–4.7)b 1.8 (1.0–3.1)b 5/8 0.5 (0.2–1.7) 0.8 (0.4–1.6)
5145: Service station attendants 1912/1982 25/12 2.3 (1.0–5.1)b 1.7 (0.9–3.1) 21/11 2.0 (0.9–4.8) 1.5 (0.8–2.9) 4/1 4.6 (0.5–42.0) 1.3 (0.5–3.2)
5199158: Telephone solicitor (any ind.) 1930/1981 7/13 0.5 (0.2–1.3) 0.7 (0.3–1.4) 3/12 0.2 (0.1–0.9)b 0.6 (0.3–1.3) 4/1 2.7 (0.3–24.6) 1.2 (0.5–2.9)
6112: Police officers and detectives, government 1892/1964 45/30 1.8 (1.1–2.9)b 1.6 (1.0–2.4) 13/5 3.2 (1.0–10.0)b 1.7 (0.8–3.5) 32/25 1.5 (0.8–2.6) 1.4 (0.8–2.2)
6112146: Detective (gov. Serv.) 1925/1987 12/7 2.0 (0.7–5.2) 1.4 (0.7–2.8) 9/1 10.3 (1.3–82.9)b 1.5 (0.6–3.8) 3/6 0.5 (0.1–2.3) 0.8 (0.4–1.9)
6112158: Police officer (gov. Serv.) 1899/1972 38/22 2.0 (1.1–3.5)b 1.7 (1.0–2.7)b 18/7 3.4 (1.3–8.8)b 1.9 (0.9–3.7) 20/15 1.4 (0.7–2.9) 1.3 (0.7–2.3)
6117190: Infantry soldier (military) 1877/1898 60/96 0.7 (0.5–1.0) 0.7 (0.5–1.0) 57/95 0.7 (0.5–1.0)b 0.7 (0.5–1.0) 3/1 2.4 (0.2–24.2)  
612: Food and beverage preparation and related service occupations 1797/1813 140/181 0.7 (0.6–1.0)b 0.8 (0.6–1.0)b 77/103 0.7 (0.5–1.0)b 0.7 (0.5–1.0) 63/78 0.8 (0.6–1.2) 0.8 (0.6–1.2)
6121130: Short-order cook (cater. & lodg.) 1933/1982 4/12 0.2 (0.1–0.8)b 0.6 (0.3–1.3) 2/7 0.3 (0.0–1.6) 0.8 (0.3–1.8) 2/5 0.2 (0.0–1.2) 0.7 (0.3–1.7)
613: Occupations in lodging and other accommodation 1915/1965 22/29 0.7 (0.4–1.2) 0.8 (0.4–1.3) 16/13 1.1 (0.5–2.5) 1.1 (0.6–2.0) 6/16 0.3 (0.1–0.9)b 0.6 (0.3–1.2)
6145: Travel and related attendants, except food and beverage 1935/1986 2/8 0.2 (0.0–0.9)b 0.6 (0.3–1.5) 1/4 0.2 (0.0–2.4) 0.8 (0.3–2.0) 1/4 0.1 (0.0–1.5) 0.8 (0.3–1.9)
619: Other service occupations 1759/1799 178/195 0.8 (0.6–1.0)b 0.8 (0.6–1.0)b 117/113 0.8 (0.6–1.1) 0.8 (0.6–1.1) 61/82 0.7 (0.5–1.0) 0.7 (0.5–1.0)
6191126: Hospital cleaner (misc. Serv.) 1921/1973 16/21 0.6 (0.3–1.2) 0.7 (0.4–1.3) 8/15 0.3 (0.1–0.9)b 0.6 (0.3–1.1) 8/6 1.4 (0.4–4.6) 1.2 (0.6–2.5)
6198: Occupations in labouring and other elemental work, services 1871/1931 66/63 0.9 (0.6–1.3) 0.9 (0.6–1.3) 60/47 1.0 (0.7–1.6) 1.0 (0.7–1.6) 6/16 0.3 (0.1–0.9)b 0.6 (0.3–1.2)
71: Farming. Horticultural and animal-husbandry occupations 1840/1860 97/134 0.7 (0.5–1.0)b 0.8 (0.6–1.0) 59/82 0.7 (0.5–1.1) 0.8 (0.5–1.1) 38/52 0.7 (0.4–1.1) 0.8 (0.5–1.2)
711: Farmers 1903/1941 34/53 0.6 (0.4–1.0)b 0.7 (0.4–1.0) 14/31 0.4 (0.2–0.8)b 0.5 (0.3–0.9)b 20/22 0.9 (0.5–1.9) 1.0 (0.5–1.7)
7111: General farmers 1923/1974 14/20 0.6 (0.3–1.2) 0.7 (0.4–1.3) 5/12 0.3 (0.1–0.9)b 0.6 (0.3–1.2) 9/8 1.1 (0.4–3.2) 1.0 (0.5–2.1)
7111110: Farmer, general (agric.) 1923/1974 14/20 0.6 (0.3–1.2) 0.7 (0.4–1.3) 5/12 0.3 (0.1–0.9)b 0.6 (0.3–1.2) 9/8 1.1 (0.4–3.2) 1.0 (0.5–2.1)
7183: Field crop and vegetable-growing workers 1932/1978 5/16 0.3 (0.1–0.9)b 0.6 (0.3–1.2) 4/11 0.4 (0.1–1.4) 0.7 (0.3–1.6) 1/5 0.2 (0.0–1.6) 0.8 (0.3–1.9)
7183122: Farm worker, vegetable (agric.) 1935/1983 2/11 0.2 (0.0–0.9)b 0.6 (0.3–1.5) 2/7 0.4 (0.1–2.4) 0.8 (0.3–1.9) 0/4   
75: Forestry and logging occupations 1874/1964 63/30 1.9 (1.2–3.0)b 1.7 (1.1–2.6)b 46/23 1.7 (1.0–3.0) 1.5 (0.9–2.5) 17/7 2.4 (0.9–6.2) 1.6 (0.8–3.1)
751: Forestry and logging occupations 1874/1964 63/30 1.9 (1.2–3.0)b 1.7 (1.1–2.6)b 46/23 1.7 (1.0–3.0) 1.5 (0.9–2.5) 17/7 2.4 (0.9–6.2) 1.6 (0.8–3.1)
7513: Timber cutting and related occupations 1884/1969 53/25 1.9 (1.1–3.2)b 1.6 (1.0–2.6)b 38/20 1.7 (0.9–3.0) 1.5 (0.9–2.4) 15/5 2.8 (0.9–8.4) 1.6 (0.8–3.3)
7513122: Logger, all-round (forest. & log.) 1884/1970 53/24 2.0 (1.2–3.4)b 1.7 (1.1–2.7)b 38/19 1.8 (1.0–3.2) 1.5 (0.9–2.5) 15/5 2.8 (0.9–8.4) 1.6 (0.8–3.3)
8161: Mixing and blending occupations, chemicals and related materials 1919/1986 18/8 3.6 (1.2–10.8)b 1.8 (0.9–3.7) 12/4 8.0 (1.3–50.2)b 1.6 (0.7–3.8) 6/4 1.9 (0.4–7.7) 1.2 (0.6–2.8)
8161218: Mixer (chem., n.e.c.; paint & varn.) 1926/1991 11/3 8.0 (1.2–53.8)b 1.6 (0.6–3.7) 8/2 6.2 (0.8–47.8) 1.4 (0.6–3.5) 3/1 20.6 (0.22.7)  
8529: Other fabricating and assembling occupations, metal products, n.e.c. 1922/1986 15/8 1.8 (0.6–4.9) 1.3 (0.6–2.7) 8/7 0.8 (0.2–2.5) 0.9 (0.4–1.9) 7/1 19.8 (1.0.5)b 1.4 (0.5–3.4)
858: Mechanics and repairmen, n.e.c. 1782/1811 155/183 0.8 (0.6–1.1) 0.8 (0.6–1.1) 63/64 1.1 (0.7–1.6) 1.1 (0.7–1.6) 92/119 0.7 (0.5–1.0)b 0.7 (0.5–1.0)b
8581118: Industrial-truck mechanic (mech. Equip., n.e.c.) 1934/1983 3/11 0.2 (0.0–0.8)b 0.6 (0.3–1.3) 1/4 0.4 (0.0–4.2) 0.9 (0.4–2.2) 2/7 0.1 (0.0–0.8)b 0.6 (0.3–1.4)
8582: Aircraft mechanics and repairmen 1936/1976 1/18 0.1 (0.0–0.7)b 0.6 (0.3–1.6) 0/6    1/12 0.1 (0.0–1.1) 0.7 (0.3–1.7)
8595: Painting and decorating occupations, except construction 1902/1975 35/19 1.9 (1.0–3.5) 1.6 (0.9–2.6) 27/9 3.0 (1.3–7.0)b 1.9 (1.0–3.6) 8/10 0.8 (0.3–2.4) 0.9 (0.4–1.9)
873: Electrical power, lighting and wire communications equipment erecting, installing and repairing occupations 1852/1924 85/70 1.3 (0.9–1.8) 1.2 (0.9–1.8) 41/28 2.0 (1.1–3.6)b 1.7 (1.0–2.8)b 44/42 0.9 (0.6–1.5) 1.0 (0.6–1.5)
8739: Electrical power, lighting and wire communications equipment erecting, installing and repairing occupations, n.e.c. 1933/1980 4/14 0.3 (0.1–0.8)b 0.6 (0.3–1.2) 2/8 0.2 (0.0–1.1) 0.7 (0.3–1.6) 2/6 0.3 (0.1–1.6) 0.7 (0.3–1.7)
8784: Plasterers and related occupations 1933/1985 4/9 0.2 (0.1–0.9)b 0.6 (0.3–1.3) 0/5    4/4 0.4 (0.1–1.8) 0.8 (0.3–1.7)
8791: Pipefitting, plumbing and related occupations, n.e.c. 1886/1954 51/40 1.7 (1.0–2.8)b 1.5 (1.0–2.4) 28/19 1.8 (0.9–3.5) 1.5 (0.8–2.6) 23/21 1.6 (0.7–3.4) 1.3 (0.7–2.4)
8799: Other construction trades occupations, n.e.c. 1877/1948 60/46 1.8 (1.1–2.9)b 1.6 (1.0–2.5)b 36/26 1.6 (0.9–3.0) 1.4 (0.8–2.4) 24/20 2.1 (0.9–4.6) 1.6 (0.8–2.9)
911: Air transport operating operations 1922/1974 15/20 0.6 (0.3–1.3) 0.7 (0.4–1.3) 11/9 1.3 (0.5–3.6) 1.2 (0.6–2.3) 4/11 0.2 (0.1–0.7)b 0.6 (0.3–1.2)
915: Water transport operating occupations 1923/1971 14/23 0.6 (0.3–1.2) 0.7 (0.4–1.3) 7/18 0.3 (0.1–0.8)b 0.6 (0.3–1.1) 7/5 1.7 (0.5–6.3) 1.2 (0.6–2.7)
9173: Taxi drivers and chauffeurs 1870/1937 67/57 1.2 (0.8–1.8) 1.2 (0.8–1.7) 24/29 0.8 (0.4–1.4) 0.8 (0.5–1.4) 43/28 1.8 (1.0–3.2)b 1.6 (0.9–2.6)
9175129: Solid waste collection truck driver (motor trans.) 1935/1985 2/9 0.2 (0.0–0.9)b 0.6 (0.3–1.5) 2/7 0.2 (0.0–1.2) 0.7 (0.3–1.6) 0/2   
9179118: Dispatcher, motor vehicles (motor trans.) 1925/1991 12/3 8.4 (1.2–57.6)b 1.6 (0.6–3.8) 9/2 6.8 (0.9–53.9) 1.4 (0.6–3.5) 3/1 18.6 (0.22.5)  
9918: Occupations in labouring and other elemental work, n.e.c. 1920/1982 17/12 2.7 (0.9–7.9) 1.6 (0.8–3.3) 12/7 4.1 (1.0–16.6)b 1.6 (0.7–3.6) 5/5 1.3 (0.2–6.7) 1.1 (0.5–2.5)
9918110: Labourer, municipal (gov. Serv.) 1920/1983 17/11 3.4 (1.0–10.8)b 1.7 (0.8–3.5) 12/6 6.5 (1.2–33.5)b 1.6 (0.7–3.8) 5/5 1.3 (0.2–6.7) 1.1 (0.5–2.5)
  1. aOccupations selected had at least one significantly elevated or reduced association with prostate cancer among duration of employment categories (ever, <10 years or ≥10 years). Odds ratios adjusted for age, first-degree family history of prostate cancer, ancestry, screening for prostate cancer, annual household income, highest level of education attained, level of physical activity, alcohol intake and body mass index
  2. bThe 95 % confidence interval excludes the null value. n.e.c.: not elsewhere classified