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Table 3 Demographics and metal exposures of study population, stratified by stunting status

From: Stunting is associated with blood lead concentration among Bangladeshi children aged 2-3 years

  Total Population (n = 618)
  Stunted (n = 324) Not Stunted (n = 294)
Demographics Number (%)
Sex
Male 159 (49.1) 148 (50.3)
Female 165 (50.9) 146 (49.7)
Stunting Status
Stunted 324 (52.4)
Not Stunted 294 (47.6)
Child Smoke Exposure
Exposed 125 (38.6) 135 (45.9)
Not Exposed 199 (61.4) 159 (54.1)
Mother's education
Primary or Less 170 (52.5) 115 (39.1)
Secondary or Greater 154 (47.5) 179 (60.9)
Mother's Protein
Low 101 (31.2) 38 (12.9)
Medium 168 (51.9) 168 (57.1)
High 55 (17.0) 88 (29.9)
  Mean (SD)
Birth Gestational Age (weeks) 38.0 (2.0) 37.9 (2.0)
Missing 2 0
Age (months) 28.1 (2.9) 28.0 (2.9)
Mother's Weight at Enrollment (kg) 46.0 (7.4) 47.2 (7.8)
Mother's Height (cm) 150.4 (5.6) 152.4 (5.5)
Child's Birth Weight (kg) 2.9 (0.4) 2.9 (0.4)
Child's Birth Length (cm) 46.2 (2.7) 46.9 (2.0)
HOME Score 42.7 (2.5) 42.7 (2.7)
Missing 1 0
Maternal Depression 15.0 (2.9) 15.4 (2.8)
Missing 141 132
Heavy Metal Exposures Mean (SD)
Umbilical Cord Blood Lead (μg/dL) 5.1 (5.2) 4.9 (7.8)
Blood Lead 20–40 months (μg/dL) 6.2 (5.0) 4.6 (4.1)
Average Water Arsenic (μg/L) 48.7 (88.0) 68.1 (130.7)
Average Water Manganese (μg/L) 813.3 (582.1) 745.1 (554.6)