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Table 5 Percent increase and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of daily respiratory emergency room visits and hospital admissions associated with 10 μg/m3 increase in PM10 levels and occurrence of desert dust event. Results from two pollutants’ models

From: Desert dust outbreaks and respiratory morbidity in Athens, Greece

  Individually in the model Mutually Adjusted
Respiratory Health Outcomes % (95% CI) P-value % (95% CI) P-value
All emergency room visits
 Adjusted for NO2
  PM10 (per 10 μg/m3) 1.93 (0.065, 3.84) 0.04 1.04 (−0.83, 2.94) 0.28
  Dust Day (Yes vs No) 44.78 (25.34, 67.25) <0.001 42.50 (23.00, 65.09) <0.001
 Adjusted for O3
  PM10 (per 10 μg/m3) 2.03 (0.09, 4.01) 0.04 1.15 (−0.71, 3.05) 0.23
  Dust Day (Yes vs No) 50.20 (31.09, 72.10) <0.001 48.25 (29.18, 70.14) <0.001
All admissions
 Adjusted for NO2
  PM10 (per 10 μg/m3) 1.62 (−0.62, 3.91) 0.16 0.75 (−1.54, 3.08) 0.53
  Dust Day (Yes vs No) 39.19 (17.40, 65.04) <0.001 37.59 (15.78, 63.79) <0.001
 Adjusted for O3
  PM10 (per 10 μg/m3) 1.73 (−0.58, 4.09) 0.14 0.90 (−1.37, 3.22) 0.44
  Dust Day (Yes vs No) 43.90 (22.69, 68.78) <0.001 42.45 (21.18, 67.45) <0.001