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Table 2 Difference (95% CI) in symptoms of mental ill health associated with an interquartile-range increase in greenness at 250-m buffer zone

From: Association of neighborhood greenness with self-perceived stress, depression and anxiety symptoms in older U.S adults

Greenness Perceived Stress Anxiety Depression
Contemporaneous
 Base model a − 0.238 (− 0.346, − 0.130)** − 0.178 (− 0.333, − 0.022)** − 0.299 (− 0.524, − 0.074)**
 Multivariable model b − 0.162 (− 0.271, − 0.054)** − 0.110 (− 0.266, 0.047) − 0.150 (− 0.374, 0.075)
Summer average
 Base model a − 0.270 (− 0.400, − 0.139)** −0.167 (− 0.355, 0.022)* − 0.529 (− 0.809, − 0.249)**
 Multivariable model b − 0.161 (− 0.295, − 0.027)** −0.080 (− 0.275, 0.115) − 0.232 (− 0.519, 0.055)
Annual average
 Base model a − 0.319 (− 0.465, − 0.172)** −0.218 (− 0.430, − 0.005)** −0.616 (− 0.933, − 0.300)**
 Multivariable model b − 0.188 (− 0.337, − 0.038)** −0.104 (− 0.322, 0.115) − 0.274 (− 0.596, 0.048)*
  1. aBase models adjusted for age, gender, questionnaire year and season, and region
  2. bMultivariable model adjusted for age, gender, questionnaire year and season, region, education attainment, 3-day moving average of temperature and 60-months moving average of PM2.5
  3. * P < 0.10; ** P < 0.05