Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of study population from parent questionnaires, according to host and environmental factors

From: Associations of greenness, greyness and air pollution exposure with children’s health: a cross-sectional study in Southern Italy

  All
n 219
Personal factors
Female, n (%) 135 (61.6%)
Age, mean (SD), years 8.98 (0.9)
Weight, mean (SD), kilograms 34.51 (7.61)
Height, mean (SD), centimeters 134.92 (7.77)
Parental history of allergy, n (%) 78 (35.56%)
Maternal smoke in pregnancy, n (%) 26 (11.87%)
Preterm born, n (%) 69 (31.50%)
Wheezing ever, n (%) 55 (25.11%)
Doctor diagnosed asthma, n (%) 12 (5.48%)
Rhino-conjunctivitis, n (%) 59 (26.94%)
Eczema, n (%) 19 (8.68%)
Atopy, n (%) 12 (5.48%)
Environmental factors
NDVI (15-m buffer)
Median (IQR) 0.233 (0.20)
CLC levels, n (%)
 dicontinuous urban fabric (DUF) 184 (84.02%)
 continuous urban fabric (CUF) 34 (15.53%)
 coniferous forests 1 (0.05%)
Residential surrounding greyness (300-m buffer), n (%) 134 (61.19%)
HTRs ≤200 m, n (%) 119 (54.33%)
NO2
Median (IQR), μg/m3 49.98 (28.21)
Current passive smoke exposure, n (%) 175 (79.91%)
FSES
Median (IQR) 52 (5)
  1. Data are expressed as n (%) or mean (SD), NDVI normalized difference vegetation index, CLC CORINE land-cover, HTRs High Traffic Roads, NO2 Nitrogen Dioxide, FSES Family’s Socio-Economic Status