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Table 4 Quality of life, health care access, and health care utilization according to presence/absence of post-9/11-onset health conditions

From: Persistent mental and physical health impact of exposure to the September 11, 2001 World Trade Center terrorist attacks

   Health-related quality of life in 30 days before questionnaire General health and satisfaction Health care access and utilization during year before questionnaire
Condition a   > 14 days of poor physical or mental health Poor health limited usual activity for > 14 days Dissatisfied or very dissatisfied with life Fair or poor general health Unmet need for medical care Unmet need for mental health care
N n % n % n % n % n % n %
Asthma 4556 2091 47.1 1250 28.9 1114 24.9 2232 49.8 182 4.1 604 13.6
GERD 7119 2981 42.8 1721 25.3 1601 22.8 3041 43.2 211 3.1 827 11.9
PTSD 4762 3274 70.4 2117 46.6 2220 47.4 3047 64.9 341 7.4 1169 25.3
Depression 4709 3413 73.9 2130 47.1 2352 50.8 3069 66.0 326 7.1 1192 26.0
None 16,150 2057 13.0 700 4.5 990 6.2 1771 11.1 244 1.5 743 4.6
  1. GERD: gastroesophageal reflux disease
  2. PTSD: posttraumatic stress disorder
  3. aAsthma was defined as self-reported, clinician-diagnosed asthma reported on the Wave 1 or Wave 4 questionnaires. GERD was defined as self-reported, clinician-diagnosed GERD reported on the Wave 4 questionnaire. PTSD was defined as a score > 44 on the 17-item, event-specific PTSD Checklist on the 2015–16 Wave 4 questionnaire, among enrollees who did not report a pre-9/11 diagnosis of PTSD. Depression was defined as a score > 10 on the 8-item Patient Health Questionnaire on the 2015–16 Wave 4 questionnaire among enrollees who did not report a pre-9/11 diagnosis of depression