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Table 3 The combined effects of three air pollutants on mortality by age, sex and educational attainment, estimated by the tensor product model

From: A tensor product quasi-Poisson model for estimating health effects of multiple ambient pollutants on mortality

  Deaths (%) ERa (95%CI)
Age (years)
 < 65 years 47,303(24.4) −1.09 (− 2.81–0.66)
 ≥ 65 years 146,412(75.4) 3.71 (1.96–5.50)
Gender
 Female 84,519(43.6) 3.58 (1.47–5.74)
 Male 109,916(56.4) 1.50 (0.05–2.99)
Educational attainment
 Low 170,629(92.6) 2.82 (1.19–4.49)
 High 13,734(7.4) 2.19 (−1.11–5.60)
  1. aThe excess risk (ER) of all-cause mortality associated with an IQR increment of concentrations of three pollutants