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Table 6 Correlates of self-reported respiratory symptoms, stratified by HIV serostatus

From: Personal carbon monoxide exposure, respiratory symptoms, and the potentially modifying roles of sex and HIV infection in rural Uganda: a cohort study

Characteristic HIV Positive
(202 sampling periods)
HIV Negative
(218 sampling periods)
Adjusted OR 95% CI Adjusted OR 95% CI
Female sex 1.9 0.8, 4.3 11.2*** 3.3, 38.0
1-h CO > 35 ppm 2.5* 1.0, 6.0 1.4 0.1, 14.4
Smoking status
 Current 2.6 0.6, 11.3 0.9 0.1, 5.0
 Former 0.8 0.3, 2.0 1.3 0.6, 3.2
  1. Reference categories: sex - male; HIV serostatus - negative; smoking - never-smoker; biomass – firewood
  2. p value for CO x HIV interaction term = 0.42
  3. OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, HIV Human immunodeficiency virus, CO Carbon monoxide, ppm Parts per million
  4. *p < 0.05
  5. ***p < 0.001