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Table 2 Adjusted means of lipids in exposure groups among adults 20 to 60 years

From: Associations between perfluoroalkyl substances and serum lipids in a Swedish adult population with contaminated drinking water

 Control GroupTotal exposed groupExposed groups Not-recent/uncertain exposureRecently exposedp-valuesa
Total cholesterol, (95%CI)4.93 (4.75, 5.13)5.27 (5.21, 5.32)5.28 (5.19, 5.38)5.26 (5.19, 5.33)< 0.01
LDL, (95% CI)2.86 (2.72, 3.02)3.12 (3.07, 3.16)3.12 (3.05, 3.19)3.12 (3.06, 3.17)< 0.01
HDL, (95%CI)1.39 (1.32, 1.46)1.44 (1.42, 1.46)1.45 (1.42, 1.48)1.43 (1.40, 1.45)0.20
Triglyceride, (95%CI)1.24 (1.14, 1.35)1.33 (1.30, 1.36)1.35 (1.30, 1.41)1.31 (1.28, 1.35)0.14
Ratiob (95% CI)(95% CI)3.56 (3.38, 3.74)3.67 (3.62, 3.72)3.64 (3.56, 3.73)3.68 (3.62, 3.74)0.23
  1. Note: The units for total cholesterol, LDL and HDL are mmol/L. The means were adjusted for age, sex and BMI in quartiles
  2. ap-values are for the comparisons of adjusted means between the controls and the total exposed group
  3. bRatio: the ratio of total cholesterol to HDL