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Table 1 Demographic, clinical, behavioral, and environmental characteristics of 617 participants from four diverse settings in Peru

From: Indoor air pollution concentrations and cardiometabolic health across four diverse settings in Peru: a cross-sectional study

 AllLimaTumbesPuno CityPuno RuralAll biomass usersAll non-biomass users
 Total NN (%) or
Mean (SD)
N (%) or
Mean (SD)
N (%) or
Mean (SD)
N (%) or
Mean (SD)
N (%) or
Mean (SD)
N (%) or
Mean (SD)
N (%) or
Mean (SD)
Number of Participants617 105 (17.0%)92 (14.9%)166 (26.9%)254 (41.2%)285 (46.2%)332 (53.8%)
Female617332 (53.8%)62 (59.0%)47 (51.1%)89 (53.6%)134 (52.8%)158 (55.4%)174 (52.4%)
Age in years58957.1 (12.4)57.2 (10.3)57.9 (13.2)56.5 (12.4)57.3 (13.0)58.1 (13.0)56.3 (11.9)
Wealth index tertile617       
 1 (lowest) 262 (42.5%)13 (12.4%)22 (23.9%)43 (25.9%)184 (72.4%)195 (68.4%)67 (20.2%)
 2 186 (30.1%)41 (39.0%)43 (46.7%)39 (23.4%)63 (24.8%)76 (26.7%)110 (33.1%)
 3 (highest) 169 (27.4%)51 (48.6%)27 (29.3%)84 (50.6%)7 (2.8%)14 (4.9%)155 (46.7%)
Body Mass Index (BMI)57227.3 (4.5)28.6 (3.9)29.4 (5.3)28.1 (4.1)25.5 (4.0)25.9 (4.2)28.5 (4.3)
Obese (BMI ≥ 30)572129 (22.6%)32 (31.4%)33 (38.8%)38 (25.0%)26 (11.2%)36 (13.7%)93 (30.1%)
Systolic Blood Pressure (mmHg)613115 (16)117 (16)125 (18)112 (16)111 (13)113 (14)116 (17)
Diastolic Blood Pressure (mmHg)61373 (9)71 (9)76 (9)71 (9)73 (8)73 (8)72 (9)
Blood pressure treatment61385 (13.9%)24 (22.9%)27 (29.3%)20 (12.3%)14 (5.5%)23 (8.1%)62 (18.8%)
Previous hypertension diagnosis61795 (15.4%)24 (22.9%)23 (25.0%)29 (17.5%)19 (7.4%)28 (9.8%)67 (20.2%)
Exhaled carbon monoxide (ppm)58711.8 (12.8)3.4 (2.0)17.2 (12.7)9.3 (11.0)15.2 (14.3)15.1 (14.2)9.0 (10.6)
C-reactive protein (mg/L)5892.9 (5.9)3.9 (5.0)5.3 (9.7)2.7 (3.3)1.9 (5.4)2.1 (5.3)3.7 (6.2)
Hemoglobin A1c %5895.9 (1.0)5.9 (1.2)5.9 (0.7)6.0 (1.4)5.7 (0.5)5.8 (0.6)6.0 (1.2)
Previous diabetes diagnosis61719 (3.1%)3 (2.8%)5 (5.4%)8 (4.8%)3 (1.2%)4 (1.4%)15 (4.5%)
Alcohol in past year613348 (56.8%)78 (74.3%)24 (26.1%)86 (52.7%)160 (63.2%)162 (57.2%)186 (56.3%)
Daily cigarette smoking58512 (2.1%)3 (2.9%)7 (8.2%)2 (1.2%)0 (0.0%)1 (0.4%)11 (3.5%)
Daily use of biomass cookstove617285 (46.2%)6 (5.7%)25 (27.2%)9 (5.4%)245 (96.5%)285 (100%)332 (100%)