Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of Individuals Interviewed in Kasarani, Kenya (n = 353)

From: Environmental health literacy and household air pollution-associated symptoms in Kenya: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics+ Symptom Frequency ≥ 5 per month (n = 100) Symptom Frequency < 5 per month (n = 253) p-value
Cooking fuel use    0.89
 Clean fuel 44 (30.3) 101 (69.7)  
 Solid fuel 38 (31.2) 84 (68.9)  
Health perception    0.19
 Excellent/very good/good 37 (27.6) 97 (72.4)  
 Fair/poor 39 (35.5) 71 (64.6)  
Education level    0.18
 None/Primary 37 (25.9) 106 (74.1)  
 Secondary/College 55 (32.9) 112 (67.1)  
Household Income/month    0.21
 KSH 0–3000 48 (68.8) 106 (31.2)  
 KSH 3001-10,000 37 (24.7) 113 (75.3)  
Exposure score* 0.53 ± 0.23 0.51 ± 0.22 0.41
Environmental health literacy score* 3.67 ± 0.40 3.54 ± 0.36 0.002
Health literacy score* 4.39 ± 0.58 4.48 ± 0.67 0.28
  1. +N (row %). Missing data on fuel use (n = 86), self-perceived health (n = 109), and education (n = 43)
  2. *Range for composite variables: exposure 0–1, environmental health literacy 1–5, health literacy 1–5. Listed as mean ± standard deviation