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Table 1 Descriptive statistics, provinces of Peru, 2005–2015

From: Meteorological factors and childhood diarrhea in Peru, 2005–2015: a time series analysis of historic associations, with implications for climate change

  Median (IQR)
among 194 provinces
Annual clinic visits for diarrhea per 100 children < 5 years old
 2005 28.8 (21.3–40.0)
 2015 21.7 (15.4–31.4)
Child population (< 5 years old, 2017 census) 5219 (2454-10,358)
Average daily high temperaturea, °C
 January 21.2 (18.4–27.8)
 July 21.2 (18.9–24.7)
Percentage of households with access to piped waterb
 2005 42.8% (21.0–61.7%)
 2015 69.7% (58.5–78.5%)
  N (%)
Piped water access groupc and geographic region (N = 194 provinces)
Coastal provinces 49 (25.3%)
 Low piped water access 10 (20.4%)
 Transitional piped water access 14 (28.6%)
 High piped water access 25 (51.0%)
Mountain provinces 114 (58.8%)
 Low piped water access 38 (33.3%)
 Transitional piped water access 48 (42.1%)
 High piped water access 28 (24.6%)
Peruvian Amazon provinces 31 (16.0%)
 Low piped water access 16 (51.6%)
 Transitional piped water access 12 (38.7%)
 High piped water access 3 (9.7%)
  1. IQR interquartile range
  2. a Average of the daily high temperature for all January days, and separately all July days in the study period (2005–2015) for each province. Days during El Niño events were excluded. The data displayed are the median and IQR of these averaged values for the 194 provinces.
  3. b Refers to the percentage of households in each province for which the primary drinking water source was water piped inside or outside of the home, but within the building area.
  4. c “Low piped water access” provinces were defined as those in which < 60% of households had access to a piped water connection in all study years (2005–2015), or all but 1 year. “High piped water access” provinces were those in which ≥60% of households had access to a piped water connection in all study years, or all but 1 year. “Transitional piped water access” provinces were those that did not fall into either category, i.e., those that transitioned from lower piped water access (< 60% of households with a piped water connection) to higher piped water access (≥60% of households with a piped water connection) between 2005 and 2015.