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Table 4 Risk of lymphoma (any subtype), B cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma in relation to the glyphosate exposure metrics with reference to the unexposed

From: Occupational exposure to glyphosate and risk of lymphoma:results of an Italian multicenter case-control study

Exposure metrics Lymphoma (any subtype)
Ca/Co OR 95% CI
Non Hodgkin lymphoma
Ca/Co OR 95% CI
B cell lymphoma
Ca/Co OR 95% CI
Follicular lymphoma
Ca/Co OR 95% CI
Duration of exposure
Unexposed 846/759 1.0 - 462/759 1.0 - 443/759 1.0 - 82/759 1.0 -
  ≤ 16 years 11/7 1.2 0.44–3.11 8/7 1.9 0.67–5.64 7/7 2.5 0.79–7.80 2/7 8.2 1.43–46.7
  ≥ 17 years 10/8 0.9 0.33–2.36 6/8 0.9 0.29–2.78 7/8 1.1 0.38–3.36 2/8 2.1 0.39–11.5
Intensity of exposure
Low 4/9 0.3 0.09–1.05 1/6 0.2 0.05–1.52 1/6 0.3 0.05–1.52 0/9 -
Medium - high 17/6 2.1 0.80–5.48 13/9 2.2 0.90–5.31 13/9 4.0 1.38–11.4 4/8 12.0 2.95–49.0
Frequency of exposure
Low 9/8 0.9 0.33–2.38 8/8 1.6 0.56–4.44 6/8 1.5 0.48–4.75 1/8 1.5 0.15–15.0
Medium - high 12/7 1.2 0.44–3.08 6/7 1.1 0.35–3.51 8/7 1.8059–5.33 3/7 6.0 1.40–26.1
Cumulative exposure
Low 10/9 0.8 0.33–2.16 7/9 1.2 0.42–3.45 7/9 1.4 0.48–4.31 2/9 3.1 0.53–17.6
Medium - high 11/6 1.3 0.46–3.59 7/6 1.5 0.49–4.81 7/6 1.9 0.60–6.01 2/6 4.5 0.82–24.1