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Table 2 Associations of exposures with non-accidental and cause-specific mortality in single-exposure models a

From: Effects of exposure to surrounding green, air pollution and traffic noise with non-accidental and cause-specific mortality in the Dutch national cohort

Exposure (IQR) Non-accidental mortality Circulatory disease mortality Respiratory disease mortality Lung cancer mortality Neurodegenerative disease mortality
HR (95% CI) HR (95% CI) HR (95% CI) HR (95% CI) HR (95% CI)
NDVI 300 m (0.14) 0.972 (0.969, 0.976) 0.987 (0.981, 0.994) 0.954 (0.943, 0.965) 0.926 (0.915, 0.937) 0.977 (0.967, 0.988)
TOP10NL 300 m (0.23) 0.976 (0.973, 0.979) 0.983 (0.977, 0.988) 0.962 (0.951, 0.972) 0.952 (0.942, 0.963) 0.991 (0.981, 1.000)
NDVI 1000 m (0.14) 0.977 (0.974, 0.981) 0.994 (0.987, 1.002) 0.979 (0.966, 0.992) 0.942 (0.930, 0.955) 0.982 (0.970, 0.994)
TOP10NL 1000 m (0.31) 0.966 (0.962, 0.971) 0.981 (0.973, 0.990) 0.959 (0.944, 0.974) 0.941 (0.927, 0.957) 0.984 (0.969, 0.999)
NO2 (8.3) b 1.022 (1.017, 1.028) 1.013 (1.004, 1.023) 1.061 (1.043, 1.079) 1.074 (1.055, 1.092) 0.992 (0.976, 1.008)
PM2.5 (1.4) b 1.013 (1.009, 1.016) 1.016 (1.009, 1.023) 1.060 (1.047, 1.073) 1.046 (1.033, 1.060) 1.009 (0.997, 1.020)
BC (0.3) b 1.014 (1.010, 1.018) 1.012 (1.005, 1.020) 1.042 (1.028, 1.056) 1.051 (1.037, 1.065) 0.992 (0.980, 1.004)
PM10 (1.3) c 1.004 (1.001, 1.008) 0.998 (0.992, 1.005) 1.009 (0.998, 1.021) 1.024 (1.012, 1.036) 0.984 (0.973, 0.995)
PMcoarse (0.8) c 1.010 (1.006, 1.013) 1.003 (0.996, 1.009) 1.016 (1.004, 1.028) 1.024 (1.012, 1.036) 1.000 (0.988, 1.011)
OPDTT (0.3) c 1.020 (1.016, 1.024) 1.013 (1.006, 1.020) 1.061 (1.048, 1.075) 1.056 (1.042, 1.069) 1.019 (1.007, 1.031)
OPESR (0.2) c 1.008 (1.004, 1.011) 1.012 (1.005, 1.018) 1.028 (1.017, 1.039) 1.028 (1.017, 1.040) 0.988 (0.978, 0.999)
Road-traffic noise (7.5) 1.005 (1.002, 1.008) 1.005 (0.999, 1.011) 1.004 (0.994, 1.015) 1.032 (1.021, 1.043) 0.972 (0.962, 0.982)
Rail-traffic noise (9.4) 1.004 (1.001, 1.007) 0.999 (0.993, 1.005) 1.006 (0.995, 1.017) 1.002 (0.991, 1.013) 1.008 (0.998, 1.019)
  1. Associations are expressed per IQR increase (listed in brackets in the first column). We used models with age as underlying time scale, stratified by sex and adjusted for marital status, region of origin, standardized household income, PC4 composite SES, mean income neighborhood, unemployment neighborhood, percentage of immigrants neighborhood, mean income region, unemployment region and percentage of immigrants region
  2. Estimated with the average of the national LUR, Europe-wide hybrid and national dispersion models
  3. Estimated with a national LUR model