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Table 3 Respondent* and household^ characteristics, by gardening season (n, %) (Rapid Risk Factor Surveillance Survey, Toronto).

From: Municipal bylaw to reduce cosmetic/non-essential pesticide use on household lawns - a policy implementation evaluation

Characteristics Gardening Season Totals
(N = 4901)
  2003
(N = 608)
2004
(N = 609)
2005‡
(N = 1440)
2006‡
(N = 777)
2007
(N = 620)
2008
(N = 847)
 
Gender* (weighted counts, wgtd %) (n = 608) (n = 607) (n = 1453) (n = 795) (n = 614) (n = 825)  
   Women 316 (52.0%) 353 (58.2%) 795 (54.7%) 459 (57.7%) 344 (56.0%) 457 (55.3%) 2723 (55.6%)
   Men 292 (48.0%) 253 (41.8%) 658 (45.3%) 336 (42.3%) 270 (44.0%) 368 (44.7%) 2178 (44.4%)
Education* (wgtd counts, wgtd %) (n = 608) (n = 607) (n = 1453) (n = 795) (n = 614) (n = 825)  
   < High school 62 (10.2%) 82 (13.5%) 130 (9.0%) 77 (9.7%) 45 (7.3%) 63 (7.7%) 459 (9.4%)
   High school 118 (19.5%) 111 (18.2%) 269 (18.5%) 138 (17.4%) 130 (21.2%) 182 (22.1%) 947 (19.3%)
   Some post-2ndy 58 (9.6%) 60 (9.9%) 124 (8.6%) 76 (9.6%) 40 (6.5%) 75 (9.1%) 434 (8.9%)
   Completed post-2ndy 361 (59.4%) 347 (57.2%) 904 (62.2%) 496 (62.3%) 394 (64.1%) 494 (59.8%) 2995 (61.1%)
   Missing, don't know, refused 9 (1.4%) 7 (1.2%) 26 (1.7%) 8 (1.0%) 5 (0.9%) 11 (1.3%) 66 (1.3%)
Income^†        
   < low income cutoff 122 (20.1%) 127 (20.9%) 201 (14.0%) 121 (15.6%) 91 (14.7%) 137 (16.2%) 799 (16.3%)
   ≥ > low income cutoff 357 (58.7%) 344 (56.5%) 842 (58.5%) 433 (55.7%) 336 (54.2%) 460 (54.3%) 2772 (56.6%)
   Missing, don't know, refused 129 (21.2%) 138 (22.7%) 397 (27.8%) 223 (28.7%) 193 (31.1%) 250 (29.5%) 1330 (27.1%)
Municipality^        
   East York 36 (5.9%) 33 (5.4%) 98 (6.8%) 60 (7.7%) 40 (6.5%) 64 (7.6%) 331 (6.8%)
   Etobicoke 98 (16.1%) 76 (12.5%) 190 (13.2%) 98 (12.6%) 86 (13.9%) 142 (16.8%) 690 (14.1%)
   North York 157 (25.8%) 155 (25.5%) 340 (23.6%) 172 (22.1%) 151 (24.4%) 189 (22.3%) 1164 (23.8%)
   Old City of Toronto 168 (27.6%) 183 (30.0%) 388 (26.9%) 215 (27.7%) 174 (28.1%) 241 (28.5%) 1369 (27.9%)
   Scarborough 116 (19.1%) 118 (19.4%) 333 (23.1%) 175 (22.5%) 133 (21.5%) 168 (19.8%) 1043 (21.3%)
   York 29 (4.8%) 32 (5.3%) 70 (4.9%) 48 (6.2%) 27 (4.4%) 34 (4.0%) 240 (4.9%)
   Other 1 (0.2%) 1 (0.2%) 2 (0.1%) 1 (0.1%) 3 (0.5%) 0 (0.0%) 8 (0.2%)
   Missing, don't know, refused 3 (0.5%) 11 (1.8%) 19 (1.3%) 8 (1.0%) 6 (1.0%) 9 (1.1%) 56 (1.1%)
Had a lawn^        
   Yes 333 (54.8%) 289 (47.5%) 896 (62.2%) 479 (61.7%) 308 (49.7%) 421 (49.7%) 2726 (55.6%)
   No 265 (43.6%) 312 (51.2%) 529 (36.7%) 294 (37.8%) 308 (49.7%) 421 (49.7%) 2129 (43.4%)
   Missing, don't know, refused 10 (1.6%) 8 (1.3%) 15 (1.0%) 4 (0.5%) 4 (0.6%) 4 (0.6%) 46 (0.9%)
Hired a lawn care company^ [among those with lawns]        
   Yes 81 (24.3%) 77 (26.6%) 193 (21.5%) 97 (20.3%) 72 (23.4%) 98 (23.3%) 618 (22.7%)
   No 248 (74.5%) 202 (69.9%) 693 (77.3%) 376 (78.5%) 232 (75.3%) 316 (75.1%) 2067 (75.8%)
   Missing, don't know, refused 4 (1.2%) 10 (3.5%) 10 (1.1%) 6 (1.3%) 4 (1.3%) 7 (1.7%) 41 (1.5%)
  1. ‡ Explicit oversamples of those with lawns occurred for the 2005 (n = 355) and 2006 (n = 179) gardening seasons
  2. The cut-offs are based on income before taxes for a 2 person household in a community size of 500,00 and over. Since the cut-off for a 2 person household in a community size of 500,000 and
  3. over is 27,601, a value within an income category ($20,000 to $29,999), all respondents within this category were designated below the LICO. All respondents within income categories > 30,000 were designated above the LICO.