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  1. Vehicle engine exhaust includes ultrafine particles with a large surface area and containing absorbed polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, transition metals and other substances. Ultrafine particles and soluble c...

    Authors: Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Zorana J Andersen, Martin Hvidberg, Steen S Jensen, Matthias Ketzel, Mette Sørensen, Johnni Hansen, Steffen Loft, Kim Overvad and Anne Tjønneland

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:67

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. To study the changes of children lead exposure in the city of Torreon during the last five years, after environmental and public health interventions, using the timeline of lead in blood concentration as the b...

    Authors: Marisela Rubio-Andrade, Francisco Valdés-Pérezgasga, J Alonso, Jorge L Rosado, Mariano E Cebrián and Gonzalo G García-Vargas

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:66

    Content type: Research

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  3. The geographic distribution of environmental toxins is generally not uniform, with certain northern regions showing a particularly high concentration of pesticides, heavy metals and persistent organic pollutan...

    Authors: Shawn Hayley, Emily Mangano, Geoffrey Crowe, Nanqin Li and Wayne J Bowers

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:65

    Content type: Research

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  4. Chronic arsenic exposure has been shown to cause liver damage. However, serum hepatic enzyme activity as recognized on liver function tests (LFTs) showing a dose-response relationship with arsenic exposure has...

    Authors: Khairul Islam, Abedul Haque, Rezaul Karim, Abul Fajol, Ekhtear Hossain, Kazi Abdus Salam, Nurshad Ali, Zahangir Alam Saud, Matiar Rahman, Mashiur Rahman, Rezaul Karim, Papia Sultana, Mostaque Hossain, Anwarul Azim Akhand, Abul Mandal, Hideki Miyataka…

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:64

    Content type: Research

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  5. Exploring spatial-temporal patterns of disease incidence through cluster analysis identifies areas of significantly elevated or decreased risk, providing potential clues about disease risk factors. Little is k...

    Authors: David C Wheeler, Anneclaire J De Roos, James R Cerhan, Lindsay M Morton, Richard Severson, Wendy Cozen and Mary H Ward

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:63

    Content type: Research

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  6. The present study assessed the temporal trend in serum concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, and biphenyls (PCBs) among residents of a Russian town where levels of these chemicals ar...

    Authors: Olivier Humblet, Oleg Sergeyev, Larisa Altshul, Susan A Korrick, Paige L Williams, Claude Emond, Linda S Birnbaum, Jane S Burns, Mary M Lee, Boris Revich, Andrey Shelepchikov, Denis Feshin and Russ Hauser

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:62

    Content type: Research

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  7. Two distinctly different types of measurement error are Berkson and classical. Impacts of measurement error in epidemiologic studies of ambient air pollution are expected to depend on error type. We characteri...

    Authors: Gretchen T Goldman, James A Mulholland, Armistead G Russell, Matthew J Strickland, Mitchel Klein, Lance A Waller and Paige E Tolbert

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:61

    Content type: Research

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  8. In the UK, the 2009/10 winter was characterised by sustained low temperatures; grit stocks became depleted and surfaces left untreated. We describe the relationship between temperature and emergency hospital a...

    Authors: Caryl Beynon, Sacha Wyke, Ian Jarman, Mark Robinson, Jenny Mason, Karen Murphy, Mark A Bellis and Clare Perkins

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:60

    Content type: Research

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  9. Whether or not there is a relationship between use of mobile phones (analogue and digital cellulars, and cordless) and head tumour risk (brain tumours, acoustic neuromas, and salivary gland tumours) is still a...

    Authors: Angelo G Levis, Nadia Minicuci, Paolo Ricci, Valerio Gennaro and Spiridione Garbisa

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:59

    Content type: Research

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  10. Issues of environment and environmental health involve multiple interests regarding e.g. political, societal, economical, and public concerns represented by different kinds of organizations and individuals. No...

    Authors: Mikko V Pohjola and Jouni T Tuomisto

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:58

    Content type: Review

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  11. The relationship between toxic marine microalgae species and climate change has become a high profile and well discussed topic in recent years, with research focusing on the possible future impacts of changing...

    Authors: Stephanie L Hinder, Graeme C Hays, Caroline J Brooks, Angharad P Davies, Martin Edwards, Anthony W Walne and Mike B Gravenor

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:54

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  12. Policies on waste disposal in Europe are heterogeneous and rapidly changing, with potential health implications that are largely unknown. We conducted a health impact assessment of landfilling and incineration...

    Authors: Francesco Forastiere, Chiara Badaloni, Kees de Hoogh, Martin K von Kraus, Marco Martuzzi, Francesco Mitis, Lubica Palkovicova, Daniela Porta, Philipp Preiss, Andrea Ranzi, Carlo A Perucci and David Briggs

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:53

    Content type: Research

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  13. This study had two principal objectives: (i) to investigate the relationship between asthma severity and proximity to major roadways in Perth, Western Australia; (ii) to demonstrate a more accurate method of e...

    Authors: Angus G Cook, Annemarie JBM deVos, Gavin Pereira, Andrew Jardine and Philip Weinstein

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:52

    Content type: Research

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  14. Associations between air temperature and mortality have been consistently observed in Europe and the United States; however, there is a lack of studies for Asian countries. Our study investigated the associati...

    Authors: Liqun Liu, Susanne Breitner, Xiaochuan Pan, Ulrich Franck, Arne Marian Leitte, Alfred Wiedensohler, Stephanie von Klot, H-Erich Wichmann, Annette Peters and Alexandra Schneider

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:51

    Content type: Research

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  15. Hexavalent chromium is a known carcinogen when inhaled, but its carcinogenic potential when orally ingested remains controversial. Water contaminated with hexavalent chromium is a worldwide problem, making thi...

    Authors: Athena Linos, Athanassios Petralias, Costas A Christophi, Eleni Christoforidou, Paraskevi Kouroutou, Melina Stoltidis, Afroditi Veloudaki, Evangelia Tzala, Konstantinos C Makris and Margaret R Karagas

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:50

    Content type: Research

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  16. Synoptic circulation patterns (large-scale tropospheric motion systems) affect air pollution and, potentially, air-pollution-morbidity associations. We evaluated the effect of synoptic circulation patterns (ai...

    Authors: Adel F Hanna, Karin B Yeatts, Aijun Xiu, Zhengyuan Zhu, Richard L Smith, Neil N Davis, Kevin D Talgo, Gurmeet Arora, Peter J Robinson, Qingyu Meng and Joseph P Pinto

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:49

    Content type: Research

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  17. During the summer of 2006, a wave of wildfires struck Galicia (north-west Spain), giving rise to a disaster situation in which a great deal of the territory was destroyed. Unlike other occasions, the wildfires...

    Authors: Francisco Caamano-Isorna, Adolfo Figueiras, Isabel Sastre, Agustín Montes-Martínez, Margarita Taracido, and María Piñeiro-Lamas

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:48

    Content type: Research

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  18. Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) is an important occupational chemical used in metal degreasing and drycleaning and a prevalent drinking water contaminant. Exposure often occurs with other chemicals but it occurred a...

    Authors: Lisa G Gallagher, Veronica M Vieira, David Ozonoff, Thomas F Webster and Ann Aschengrau

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:47

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  19. Particulate air pollution has been associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, but it remains unclear which time windows and pollutant sources are most critical. MicroRNA (miRNA) is thought to be i...

    Authors: Elissa H Wilker, Stacey E Alexeeff, Helen Suh, Pantel S Vokonas, Andrea Baccarelli and Joel Schwartz

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:45

    Content type: Research

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  20. Lead exposure remains a public health concern due to its serious adverse effects, such as cognitive and behavioral impairment: children younger than six years of age being the most vulnerable population. In Eu...

    Authors: Céline Pichery, Martine Bellanger, Denis Zmirou-Navier, Philippe Glorennec, Philippe Hartemann and Philippe Grandjean

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:44

    Content type: Research

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  21. Po210 can be accumulated in various environmental materials, including marine organisms, and contributes to the dose of natural radiation in seafood. The concentration of this radionuclide in the marine environme...

    Authors: Lubna Alam and Che Abd Rahim Mohamed

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:43

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  22. Extreme heatwaves occurred in Adelaide, South Australia, in the summers of 2008 and 2009. Both heatwaves were unique in terms of their duration (15 days and 13 days respectively), and the 2009 heatwave was als...

    Authors: Monika Nitschke, Graeme R Tucker, Alana L Hansen, Susan Williams, Ying Zhang and Peng Bi

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:42

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. The Brazilian Amazon has suffered impacts from non-sustainable economic development, especially owing to the expansion of agricultural commodities into forest areas. The Tangará da Serra region, located in the...

    Authors: Herbert A Sisenando, Silvia R Batistuzzo de Medeiros, Paulo HN Saldiva, Paulo Artaxo and Sandra S Hacon

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:41

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. Phthalates have been identified as endocrine active compounds associated with developmental and reproductive toxicity. The exposure to phthalates in premenstrual Egyptian females remains unknown. The objective...

    Authors: Justin A Colacino, Amr S Soliman, Antonia M Calafat, Muna S Nahar, Adrienne Van Zomeren-Dohm, Ahmed Hablas, Ibrahim A Seifeldin, Laura S Rozek and Dana C Dolinoy

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:40

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. Previous research suggests that children born prematurely or with a low birth weight are more vulnerable to the mental health effects of ambient neighbourhood noise; predominantly road and rail noise, at home....

    Authors: Rosanna Crombie, Charlotte Clark and Stephen A Stansfeld

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:39

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. On 1st March 2010, a major landslide occurred on Mt. Elgon in Eastern Uganda. This was triggered by heavy rains that lasted over three months. The landslide buried three villages in Bududa district, killing over ...

    Authors: Lynn M Atuyambe, Michael Ediau, Christopher G Orach, Monica Musenero and William Bazeyo

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:38

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. Associations of proteinuria with low-level urinary cadmium (Cd) are currently interpreted as the sign of renal dysfunction induced by Cd. Few studies have considered the possibility that these associations mig...

    Authors: Nahida Haddam, Sekkal Samira, Xavier Dumont, Abdesselem Taleb, Dominique Lison, Vincent Haufroid and Alfred Bernard

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:37

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. In time-series studies of the health effects of urban air pollutants, decisions must be made about how to characterize pollutant levels within the airshed.

    Authors: Matthew J Strickland, Lyndsey A Darrow, James A Mulholland, Mitchel Klein, W Dana Flanders, Andrea Winquist and Paige E Tolbert

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:36

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. The association between occupational noise exposure and hypertension is inconsistent because of an exposure bias caused by outer-ear measurements of noise levels among workers. This study used hearing loss val...

    Authors: Ta-Yuan Chang, Chiu-Shong Liu, Kuei-Hung Huang, Ren-Yin Chen, Jim-Shoung Lai and Bo-Ying Bao

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:35

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. The relationship between asthma and traffic-related pollutants has received considerable attention. The use of individual-level exposure measures, such as residence location or proximity to emission sources, m...

    Authors: Shi Li, Stuart Batterman, Elizabeth Wasilevich, Huda Elasaad, Robert Wahl and Bhramar Mukherjee

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:34

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. The n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid, which are present in fish, are protective against myocardial infarction. However, fish also contains methylmercury, which inf...

    Authors: Karin S Engström, Maria Wennberg, Ulf Strömberg, Ingvar A Bergdahl, Göran Hallmans, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Thomas Lundh, Margareta Norberg, Gerda Rentschler, Bengt Vessby, Staffan Skerfving and Karin Broberg

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:33

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Evidence for an association between exposure during pregnancy to trihalomethanes (THMs) in drinking water and impaired fetal growth is still inconsistent and inconclusive, in particular, for various exposure r...

    Authors: Regina Grazuleviciene, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Jone Vencloviene, Maria Kostopoulou-Karadanelli, Stuart W Krasner, Asta Danileviciute, Gediminas Balcius and Violeta Kapustinskiene

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:32

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Air pollution from vehicular traffic has been associated with respiratory diseases. In Palermo, the largest metropolitan area in Sicily, urban air pollution is mainly addressed to traffic-related pollution bec...

    Authors: Fabio Tramuto, Rosanna Cusimano, Giuseppe Cerame, Marcello Vultaggio, Giuseppe Calamusa, Carmelo M Maida and Francesco Vitale

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:31

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Risk assessment requires dose-response data for the evaluation of the relationship between exposure to an environmental stressor and the probability of developing an adverse health effect. Information from hum...

    Authors: Xanthi Pedeli, Gerard Hoek and Klea Katsouyanni

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:30

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. The last two decades have seen exciting advances in understanding the human genome, aided by the development of powerful analytical laboratory tools. These advances have enabled genome-wide association studies...

    Authors: Christopher P Wild

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10(Suppl 1):S15

    Content type: Proceedings

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  36. The leading 20th century proponent for primary prevention of environmental cancer was Dr. Lorenzo Tomatis, the former Director of the International Agency for Research on Cancer and founder of the IARC Monographs...

    Authors: Ronald L Melnick and James Huff

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10(Suppl 1):S14

    Content type: Proceedings

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  37. The prevention of the infectious diseases was accomplished long before there was any understanding of the molecular biology of bacteria and viruses. As for cancer, the sharp drop in frequency of the once-commo...

    Authors: John Cairns

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10(Suppl 1):S13

    Content type: Proceedings

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  38. Oxidative stress enhances lipid peroxidation (LPO), which both are implicated in the promotion and progression stages of carcinogenesis, in particular under conditions of chronic inflammation and infections. E...

    Authors: Helmut Bartsch, Khelifa Arab and Jagadeesan Nair

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10(Suppl 1):S11

    Content type: Proceedings

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  39. Most workplaces in developing countries are “informal”, i.e. they are not regularly surveyed/inspected and laws for workers’ protection are not implemented. Research on occupational risks in informal workplace...

    Authors: Vilma Sousa Santana and Fatima Sueli Neto Ribeiro

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10(Suppl 1):S10

    Content type: Proceedings

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  40. Studies of occupational exposures have made major contributions to our understanding of human carcinogenesis. About one third of the factors identified as definite or probable human carcinogens were first inve...

    Authors: Aaron Blair, Loraine Marrett and Laura Beane Freeman

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10(Suppl 1):S9

    Content type: Proceedings

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  41. At least in economically developed countries, in the last decades, the incidence of childhood cancer has increased and the increase is unlikely to be an artefact. Causes of the increase have not been identifie...

    Authors: Benedetto Terracini

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10(Suppl 1):S8

    Content type: Proceedings

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  42. This paper provides a synthesis on socioeconomic inequalities in cancer incidence, mortality and survival across countries and within countries, with particular focus on the Italian context; the paper also des...

    Authors: Franco Merletti, Claudia Galassi and Teresa Spadea

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10(Suppl 1):S7

    Content type: Proceedings

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  43. The Gambia Hepatitis Intervention Study (GHIS) consisted in the progressive introduction of HBV plasma-derived vaccine in different zones of this African country during the period 1986-1990. The study was laun...

    Authors: Ruggero Montesano

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10(Suppl 1):S6

    Content type: Proceedings

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  44. As an introduction to the series of papers arising from the first ‘Lorenzo Tomatis Conference on Environment and Cancer’ , Tomatis’ contributions to research in cancer prevention are first noted, especially th...

    Authors: Rodolfo Saracci and Paolo Vineis

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10(Suppl 1):S1

    Content type: Introduction

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

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