Ferlay J, Shin HR, Bray F, Forman D, Mathers C, Parkin DM: Estimates of worldwide burden of cancer in 2008: GLOBOCAN 2008. Int J Cancer. 2010, 127: 2893-2917. 10.1002/ijc.25516.
Sasco AJ: Epidemiology of breast cancer: an environmental disease?. APMIS. 2001, 109: 321-332. 10.1034/j.1600-0463.2001.090501.x.
Kruk J, Aboul-Enein HY: Environmental exposure, and other behavioral risk factors in breast cancer. Curr Cancer Ther Rev. 2006, 2: 3-21.
Brody JG, Moysich KB, Humblet O, Attfield KR, Beehler GP, Rudel RA: Environmental pollutants and breast cancer: epidemiologic studies. Cancer. 2007, 109 (12 Suppl): 2667-2711.
Brown P, McCormick S, Mayer B, Zavestoski S, Morello-Frosch R, Gasior R, Senier L: ‘Lab of Our Own’ – Environmental causation of breast cancer and challenges to the dominant epidemiological paradigm. Sci Technol Human Values. 2006, 31: 499-536. 10.1177/0162243906289610.
Gray J, Evans N, Taylor B, Rizzo J, Walker M: State of the evidence: the connection between breast cancer and the environment. Int J Occup Environ Health. 2009, 15: 43-78.
Davis DL Sieber SM: Hormones, hormone metabolism, environment, and breast cancer: A workshop on the National Action Plan on Breast Cancer’s Etiology Working Group. Environ Health Perspect. 1997, 105 (Suppl 3): 557-10.1289/ehp.97105s3557.
Tirona MT, Sehgal R, Ballester O: Prevention of breast cancer (Part I): epidemiology, risk factors, and risk assessment tools. Cancer Invest. 2010, 28: 743-750. 10.3109/07357907.2010.494321.
European Commission: State of the Art assessment of endocrine disrupters. http://ec.europa.eu/environment/endocrine/documents/studies_en.htm.
Soto AM, Sonnenschein C: Environmental causes of cancer: endocrine disruptors as carcinogens. Nat Rev Endocrinol. 2010, 6: 363-370. 10.1038/nrendo.2010.87.
Birnbaum LS, Fenton SE: Cancer and developmental exposure to endocrine disrupters. Environ Health Perspect. 2003, 111: 389-394. 10.1289/ehp.111-a389.
Fenton SE: Endocrine-disrupting compounds and mammary gland development: early exposure and later life consequences. Endocrinology. 2006, 147 (Suppl 6): S18-S24.
Vandenberg LN, Colborn T, Hayes TB, Heindel JJ, Jacobs DR, Lee DH, Shioda T, Soto AM, vom Saal FS, Welshons WV, Zoeller RT, Myers JP: Hormones and endocrine-disrupting chemicals: low-dose effects and nonmonotonic dose responses. Endocr Rev. 2012, 33: 378-455. 10.1210/er.2011-1050.
Rudel RA, Attfield KR, Schifano JN, Brody JG: Chemicals causing mammary gland tumors in animals signal new directions for epidemiology, chemicals testing, and risk assessment for breast cancer prevention. Cancer. 2007, 109 (suppl 12): 2635-2666.
Tomatis L, Huff J, Hertz-Picciotto I, Sandler DP, Bucher J, Boffetta P, Axelson O, Blair A, Taylor J, Stayner L, Barrett JC: Avoided and avoidable risks of cancer. Carcinogenesis. 1997, 18 (1): 97-105. 10.1093/carcin/18.1.97.
Beall C, Delzell E, Macaluso M: Mortality patterns among women in the motor vehicle manufacturing industry. Am J Ind Med. 1995, 28: 325-337. 10.1002/ajim.4700280303.
Mills PK, Yang R: Breast cancer risk in Hispanic agricultural workers in California. Int J Occup Environ Health. 2005, 11: 123-131.
Thompson D, Kriebel D, Quinn MM, Wegman DH, Eisen EA: Occupational exposure to metalworking fluids and risk of breast cancer among female autoworkers. Am J Ind Med. 2005, 47: 153-160. 10.1002/ajim.20132.
Petralia SA, Chow W, McLaughlin J, Jin F, Gao Y, Dosemeci M: Occupational risk factors for breast cancer among women in Shanghai. Am J Ind Med. 1998, 34: 477-483. 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0274(199811)34:5<477::AID-AJIM8>3.0.CO;2-N.
Tynes T, Hannevik M, Andersen A, Vistnes AI, Haldorsen T: Incidence of breast cancer in Norwegian female radio and telegraph operators. Cancer Causes Control. 1996, 7: 197-204. 10.1007/BF00051295.
Band PR, Le ND, Fang R, Deschamps M, Gallagher RP, Yang P: Identification of occupational cancer risks in British Columbia. A population-based case–control study of 995 incident breast cancer cases by menopausal status, controlling for confounding factors. J Occup Environ Med. 2000, 42: 284-310. 10.1097/00043764-200003000-00010.
Villeneuve S, Févotte J, Anger A, Truong T, Lamkarkach F, Gaye O, Kerbrat P, Arveux P, Miglianico L, Imbernon E, Guénel P: Breast cancer risk by occupation and industry: analysis of the CECILE study, a population-based case–control study in France. Am J Ind Med. 2011, 54: 499-509. 10.1002/ajim.20952.
Labrèche F, Goldberg MS, Valois M-F, Nadon L: Postmenopausal breast cancer and occupational exposures. Occup Environ Med. 2010, 67: 263-269. 10.1136/oem.2009.049817.
Luginaah IN, Gorey KM, Tang K, Oiamo T, Holowaty EJ, Hamm C, Wright F: Geographical analysis of breast cancer clustering in Southern Ontario: generating hypotheses on environmental influences. Int J Environ Health Res. 2012, 22: 232-248. 10.1080/09603123.2011.634386.
Gilbertson M, Brophy J: Community health profile of Windsor, Ontario. Environ Health Perspect. 2001, 9 (Suppl 6): 827-843.
Brophy JT, Keith MM, Gorey KM, Laukkanen E, Hellyer D, Watterson A, Reinhartz A, Gilberston M: Occupational histories of cancer patients in a Canadian cancer treatment centre and the generated hypothesis regarding breast cancer and farming. Int J Occup Environ Health. 2002, 8: 346-353.
Brophy JT, Keith MM, Gorey KM, Luginaah I, Laukkanen E, Hellyer D, Reinhartz A, Watterson A, Abu-Zahra H, Maticka-Tyndale E, Schneider K, Beck M, Gilbertson M: Occupation and breast cancer: a Canadian case–control study. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2006, 1076: 765-777. 10.1196/annals.1371.019.
Siemiatycki J: Risk factors for cancer in the workplace. 1991, Boca Raton: CRC Press
Stewart PA, Stewart WF, Heineman EF, Dosemeci M, Linet M, Inskit PD: A novel approach to data collection in a case–control study of cancer and occupational exposures. Int J Epidemiol. 1996, 25: 744-752. 10.1093/ije/25.4.744.
US Department of Health and Human Services: The breast cancer comprehensive questionnaire. 1998, Philadelphia: National Action Plan on Breast Cancer of the Office on Women’s Health, Temple University
World Health Organization: International classification of diseases for oncology. 1990, Geneva: World Health Organization, 2
Statistics Canada: North American industrial classification system. http://www.statcan.gc.ca/subjects-sujets/standard-norme/naics-scian/2002/naics-scian02l-eng.htm.
Human Resources and Skills Development Canada: National occupational classification. http://www30.hrsdc.gc.ca/NOC/English/NOC/2006/Welcome.aspx.
Institute for Environment and Health: Chemicals purported to be endocrine disrupters: a compilation of published lists. http://www.silsoe.cranfield.ac.uk/ieh/pdf/w20.pdf.
Teschke K, Olshan AF, Daniels JL, De Roos AJ, Parks CG, Schulz M, Vaughan TL: Occupational exposure assessment in case–control studies: opportunities for improvement. Occup Environ Med. 2002, 59: 575-594. 10.1136/oem.59.9.575.
Checkoway H, Pearce N, Crawford-Brown DJ: Research methods in occupational epidemiology. 1989, New York: Oxford University Press
US Food and Drug Administration: Bisphenol A (BPA): Use in food contact application. http://www.fda.gov/newsevents/publichealthfocus/ucm064437.htm.
Environmental Protection Agency: Beverage can surface coating industry – background information for proposed standards. http://www.epa.gov/nscep/index.html.
Kang JH, Kondo F, Katayama Y: Human exposure to bisphenol A. Toxicol. 2006, 226: 79-89. 10.1016/j.tox.2006.06.009.
Diamanti-Kandarakis E, Bourguignon JP, Giudice LC, Hauser R, Prins GS, Soto AM, Zoeller RT, Gore AC: Endocrine-disrupting chemicals: An Endocrine Society scientific statement. Endocrine Rev. 2009, 30: 293-342. 10.1210/er.2009-0002.
SAS Institute Inc: SAS/STAT 9.2 User’s Guide. 2008, Cary, NC: SAS Institute Inc
Preston DL, Lubin JH, Pierce DA, et al.: Epicure users guide. 1993, Seattle, WA: Hirosoft International Corp
Infante PF: Cancer and blue-collar workers: who cares?. New Solut. 1995, 5 (2): 52-57. 10.2190/NS5.2.j.
Zahm SH, Blair A: Occupational cancer among women: where have we been and where are we going?. Am J Ind Med. 2003, 44: 565-575. 10.1002/ajim.10270.
Collaborative Group on Hormonal Factors in Breast Cancer: Breast cancer and breastfeeding: collaborative reanalysis of individual data from 47 epidemiological studies in 30 countries, including 50302 women with breast cancer and 96973 women without the disease. Lancet. 2002, 360: 187-195.
Band PR, Le ND, Fang R, Deschamps M: Carcinogenic and endocrine disrupting effects of cigarette smoke and risk of breast cancer. Lancet. 2002, 360: 1044-1049. 10.1016/S0140-6736(02)11140-8.
Robert SA, Strombom I, Trentham-Dietz A, Hampton JM, McElroy JA, Newcomb PA, Remington PL: Socioeconomic risk factors for breast cancer: distinguishing individual- and community-level effects. Epidemiology. 2004, 15: 442-450. 10.1097/01.ede.0000129512.61698.03.
Alavanja MC, Sandler DP, McMaster SB, Zahm SH, McDonnell CJ, Lynch CF, Pennybacker M, Rothman N, Dosemeci M, Bond AE, Blair A: The agricultural health study. Environ Health. 1996, 104: 362-369.
Clapp RW, Jacobs MM, Loechler EL: Environmental and occupational causes of cancer: new evidence 2005–2007. Rev Environ Health. 2008, 23: 1-37.
Cohn BA, Wolff MS, Cirillo PM, Sholtz RI: DDT and breast cancer in young women: new data on the significance of age at exposure. Environ Health Perspect. 2007, 115: 1406-1414.
Brophy JT, Keith MM, Watterson A, Gilbertson M, Beck M: Farm work in Ontario and breast cancer risk. Rural Women’s health. Edited by: Leipert BD, Leach B, Thurston W. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, In press, 101-121.
DeMatteo R, Keith MM, Brophy FT, Wordsworth A, Watterson A, Beck M, Rochon Ford A, Gilbertson M, Phartiyal J, Rootham M, Scott D: Chemical exposures of women workers in the plastics industry with particular reference to breast cancer and reproductive hazards. New Solut. 2013, In press.
Yang CZ, Yaniger SI, Jordan VC, Klein DJ, Bittner GD: Most plastics products release estrogenic chemicals: a potential health problem that can be solved. Environ Health Perspect. 2011, 119: 989-996. 10.1289/ehp.1003220.
Ibarluzea Jm J, Fernández MF, Santa-Marina L, Olea-Serrano MF, Rivas AM, Aurrekoetxea JJ, Expósito J, Lorenzo M, Torné P, Villalobos M, Pedraza V, Sasco AJ, Olea N: Breast cancer risk and the combined effect of environmental estrogens. Cancer Causes Control. 2004, 15: 591-600.
Lithner D, Larsson Å, Dave G: Environmental and health hazard ranking and assessment of plastic polymers based on chemical composition. Sci Total Environ. 2011, 409: 3309-3324. 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.04.038.
Gardner KM, Ou Shu X, Jin F, Dai Q, Ruan Z, Thompson SJ, Hussey JR, Gao YT, Zheng W: Occupations and breast cancer risk among Chinese women in urban Shanghai. Am J Ind Med. 2002, 42: 296-308. 10.1002/ajim.10112.
Ji BT, Blair A, Shu XO, Chow WH, Hauptmann M, Dosemeci M, Yang G, Lubin J, Gao YT, Rothman N, Zheng W: Occupation and breast cancer risk among Shanghai women in a population-based cohort study. Am J Ind Med. 2008, 51: 100-110. 10.1002/ajim.20507.
Ewertz M, Holmberg L, Tretli S, Pedersen BV, Kristensen A: Risk factors for male breast cancer - a case–control study from Scandinavia. Acta Oncol. 2001, 40: 467-471.
Keikotlhaile BM, Spanoghe P, Steurbaut W: Effects of food processing on pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables: a meta-analysis approach. Food Chem Toxicol. 2010, 48: 1-6. 10.1016/j.fct.2009.10.031.
Geens T, Aerts D, Berthot C, Bourguignon JP, Goeyens L, Lecomte P, Maghuin-Rogister G, Pironnet AM, Pussemier L, Scippo ML, Van Loco J, Covaci A: A review of dietary and non-dietary exposure to bisphenol-A. Food Chem Toxicol. 2012, 50 (10): 3725-3740. 10.1016/j.fct.2012.07.059.
Keith MM, Cann B, Brophy JT, Hellyer D, Day M, Egan S, Mayville K, Watterson A: Identifying and prioritising gaming workers’ health and safety concerns using mapping for data collection. Am J Ind Med. 2001, 39: 42-51. 10.1002/1097-0274(200101)39:1<42::AID-AJIM4>3.0.CO;2-I.
Larsson M, Boëthius G, Axelsson S, Montgomery SM: Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and health effects among hospitality workers in Sweden–before and after the implementation of a smoke-free law. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2008, 34: 267-277. 10.5271/sjweh.1243.
International Agency for Research on Cancer: Shift-work, painting and fire-fighting. Volume 98. 2010, Lyon
Park RM: Mortality at an automotive engine foundry and machining complex. J Occup Environ Med. 2001, 43: 483-493. 10.1097/00043764-200105000-00009.
Gammon MD, Sagiv SK, Eng SM, Shantakumar S, Gaudet MM, Teitelbaum SL, Britton JA, Terry MB, Wang LW, Wang Q, Stellman SD, Beyea J, Hatch M, Kabat GC, Wolff MS, Levin B, Neugut AI, Santella RM: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-DNA adducts and breast cancer: a pooled analysis. Arch Environ Health. 2004, 59: 640-649. 10.1080/00039890409602948.
Petralia SA, Vena JE, Freudenheim JL, Dosemeci M, Michalek A, Goldberg MS, Brasure J, Graham S: Risk of premenopausal breast cancer in association with occupational exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and benzene. Scand J Work Environ Health. 1999, 25: 215-221. 10.5271/sjweh.426.
Hansen J: Breast cancer risk among relatively young women employed in solvent-using industries. Am J Ind Med. 1999, 36: 43-47. 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0274(199907)36:1<43::AID-AJIM6>3.0.CO;2-A.
Høyer AP, Jørgensen T, Rank F, Grandjean P: Organochlorine exposures influence on breast cancer risk and survival according to estrogen receptor status: a Danish cohort-nested case–control study. BMC Cancer. 2001, 1: 8-10.1186/1471-2407-1-8.
Gupta PB, Proia D, Cingoz O, Weremowicz J, Naber SP, Weinberg RA, Kuperwasser C: Systemic stromal effects of estrogen promote the growth of estrogen receptor-negative cancers. Cancer Res. 2007, 67: 2062-2071. 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-06-3895.
Blair A, Linos A, Stewart PA, Burmeister LF, Gibson R, Everett G, Schuman L, Cantor KP: Evaluation of risks for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma by occupation and industry exposures from a case–control study. Am J Ind Med. 1993, 23: 301-312. 10.1002/ajim.4700230207.